Living Bridge - London

"An inhabitable Bridge over the River Thames".

Looking at the typology of the living bridge one has to think immediately what kind of housing could work with this infrastructure? In London the most predominant residential building structure is the terraced house. This typology has coined London more than any other building type. In common terraced housing arrangements almost all units are identical. While one can argue that this leads to a well tempered and balanced rhythm in the appearance of the aggregated whole, in an assemblage of many of the same type, repetition can easily swing towards boring sameness and result in inflexibility in its functionality.

This proposal seeks to readdress the typology of the terraced house in a contemporary interpretation by implementing the concept of cross scalar variation in order to give each unit a varying programmatic and formal identity and a unique spatial configuration while on the other hand providing a uniform and holistic building envelope for the entire composition on London Bridge to ensure that the structure will provide a strong iconic identity.

As a point of departure two main objectives were crystallized to which the new building block of our terraced bridge scheme had to react to. The first one was exterior surface maximization in order to gain more private and semi public space, while the second one aimed towards a high amount of porosity in the building envelope, so that the structure won’t entirely block views to and from important sites in the adjacent area. The evolving terraced house envelope was than aggregated in a manner to generate a maximum of diverse spatial configurations and informed through site-specific conditions, such as the integration into the urban context.

The bridge provides two main promenades that are located on the perimeter of the bridge. While the east side promenade is accessible to both, traffic (delivery, emergency) and pedestrians the west side promenade is only accessible to pedestrians. Intervals of cross connectivity through the commercial folded landscape are structured by the terraced housing arrangement and generate an easy movement between the two promenades... A protected walk over the bridge is always possible, since the upper cantilevered structure is functioning like a huge roof. The second and third level provide spaces for cultural and recreational activities, while the upper three floors provide various housing typologies benefiting from a vast programmed semi public bridge plaza on the roof of the third floor.

The main structural framework of the structure consists of 12 vertical cores, 52 cantilevered shear walls and horizontal floors for lateral bracing.

Project Title: “Living Bridge – London Bridge”
Location: London, Great Britain
Design year: 2009
Type: Competition entry



 Inhabitable Bridge   Rocker Lange Architects 
 London Brdige Competition   Inhabitable Bridge 
 Living Bridge   London Brdige 
 Inhabitable Bridge   Rocker Lange Architects 
 London Bridge   Inhabitable Bridge 
 Inhabitable Bridge   Rocker Lange Architects 
 London Bridge Architecture   Rocker Lange Architects 


Rocker-Lange Architects


Ingeborg M. Rocker
Christian J. Lange

Cambridge, MA, London, England, Hong Kong


2015 100 Van Ness, Urban Adapter, sculpture bench
2015 Shanghai Lilong Tower Urbanism, Towards an Urbanism of Parametric Preservation
2014 The Ideal City of Refigured Civic Space, Hong Kong & Shenzhen Biennale, Hong Kong
2013 Blend-es-Scape, Beijing, China, A pavilion for the Fifth International Architectural Biennale Beijing 2013
2013 Taichung Cultural Centre, Taichung, Taiwan
2012 Wallhouse, Cambridge, USA,GSD Pavilion 2012 2012 Density & Openess Reviseted: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong, Hong Kong & Shenzhen Biennale, Hong Kong
2011 Busan Opera House, Busan, South Korea
2010 Serial Architecture Systems of Multiplicities, Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
2010 Tokyo Fashion Museum, Omotesando, Tokyo, Japan
2009 Urban Adapter, Hong Kong & Shenzhen Biennale, Hong Kong
2009 Catalytic Connector - Museum of Natural History, Copenhagen, Denmark
2009 Living Bridge London Bridge, London, UK
2008 Villa Inside|Out Outside|In, The Ordos 100, Mongolia, China
2007 Domicile Heldt, Eckernfoerde, Germany
2006 Villa Risse, Krefeld, Germany

Product Design

2010 Zhuhai Lounge
2009 SP-Table_01
2009 SP-Table_02
2009 Urban Adapter


2010 Parametric Structures, Spring Seminar, The University of Hong Kong, Department of Architecture
2009 On the Brink, Spring Seminar, Harvard University, GSD
Versioning: Architecture as Series
Cross scalar and functional scaling: adaptive facades
Algorithmically controlled surfaces


2008 Versioning: Architecture as Series?
2008 Berechneter Zufall: Max Benses Informationsaesthetik
2008 Architectures of the Digital Realm: Experimentation by Peter Eisenman / Frank O. Gehry
2006 Digital Revolution: Feedback between Architecture, Technology, and Culture
2006 Calculus-Based Form: An Interview with Greg Lynn
2006 When Code Matters, in Programming Cultures: Design, Science, and Software
2005 Re-Coded: Studio Rocker
2004 Das Denkmal fuer die Ermordeten Juden Europas in Berlin: Erinnern, Bewahren, Hinterfragen
2004 Virtuale: Il Senza Forma in Architettura: Di Ingeborg Rocker
2003 Fugitive Realities: Konrad Fiedler
2002 Versioning Informing Architectures, in: Versioning: Evolutionary Techniques in Architecture
1998 Memorizing, Maintaining, Questioning: Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Peter Eisenman
1998 The Virtual: The Unform in Architecture