Archive for the ‘research’ Category

Reformative Coral Habitat at PMQ.

Friday, January 15th, 2021

Very happy that our team from the Robotic Fabrication Lab @ The Faculty of Architecture at HKU managed to bring this exhibition together. We had a great opening last Monday. The show will give insights about the design concepts, robotic production, and the implementation. To all who are still interested, the exhibit will continue until January 31st 2021. PMQ (S507, 5/F)

Christian J. Lange, archireef, autobryks3D, 3d printing, robotic fabrication, coral reef, artificial coral reef, coral restoration Hong Kong, terracotta architecture, autobryks, reef tiles

Christian J. Lange, autobryks3D, 3d printing, robotic fabrication, coral reef, artificial coral reef, coral restoration, terracotta architecture, PMQ, Faculty of Architecture, reformative coral habitat

Christian J. Lange, autobryks3D, 3d printing, robotic fabrication, coral reef, artificial coral reef, coral restoration, terracotta architecture, autobryks

Christian J. Lange, ArchiREEF, autobryks3D, 3d printing, robotic fabrication, coral reef, artificial coral reef Hong Kong, coral restoration, terracotta architecture, PMQ

Christian J. Lange, autobryks3D, 3d printing, robotic fabrication, coral reef, artificial coral reef, coral restoration, terracotta architecture, 3D printed coral

Christian J. Lange, autobryks3D, 3d printing, robotic fabrication, Reef Tiles, coral reef, artificial coral reef, coral restoration, reef restoration Hong Kong, terracotta architecture, 3D printed coral

“Upcoming: Reformative Coral Habitats” show @ PMQ

Sunday, January 3rd, 2021

Hoi Ha Wan Marine Park is a local biodiversity hotspot accounting for more than three-quarters of reef-building corals in Hong Kong and more than 120 fish species. However, in recent years, gradual deterioration of the coral habitat, a process known as bioerosion, coupled with coral bleaching and mass mortality events in 2015-2016, are putting the future of the coral community at risk. In view of this, a team of HKU architects and marine scientists has developed a series of reformative 3D printed terracotta reef-structures intended to aid coral restoration by providing structurally complex substrates at the degraded areas.

Christian J. Lange, autobryks3D, 3d printing, robotic fabrication, coral reef, artificial coral reef, coral restoration, terracotta architecture, 3d printe reefs, Hong Kong, clay printing

The design and production of the hundred and twenty-eight 3D printed reef tiles were executed in the Robotic Fabrication Lab of the Faculty of Architecture at HKU. Covering roughly 40 sq. meters in total, the tiles were deployed in selected sites in the marine park in July 2020. The experiment will be closely monitored by marine scientists and researchers for the next one and half years.

The project is commissioned by the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) and is part of an ongoing active management measure for coral restoration in Hoi Ha Wan Marine Park in Hong Kong.

This exhibition reveals the design concepts , manufacturing process, deployment, and ageing process of the tiles.​

Date: 11-Jan-2021 – 31-Jan-2021, 10:00 am – 8:00 pm
Venue: S507, 5/F, Staunton (Block A), PMQ, 35 Aberdeen Street, Central, Hong Kong

Reformative Coral Habitat Project

Tuesday, July 14th, 2020

Finally this collaborative project between the Robotic Fabrication Lab and SWIMS at HKU moved out of the lab. The team in the Robotic Fabrication Lab was responsible for the design and the fabrication of the tiles, working hard to ensure an even quality of the tiles. Here you see loosely assembled 72 of the final 100 tiles which were delivered yesterday. Let’s hope they will perform well on Hong Kong’s seabed.

ceramic architecture, Christian J. Lange, Robotic Fabrication Lab, Faculty of Architecture, HKU, The University of Hong Kong, 3d printed reef, 3d printed coral, 3d printing clay, Reef tiles, AFCD, coral reef restoration Hong Kong, 3D printed coral, conservation, marine park

autobryks3D, artificial coral reef, 3d printed architecture, fabrication, 3d printed reef, Christian J. Lange, Reef Tiles, terracotta architecture, artificial coral reef, autobryks, Hong Kong, archireef, coral restoration

 autobryks3D, Christian J. Lange, Hoi Ha Wan Marine Park, AFCD,  Robotic Fabrication Lab, Reef Tiles, 3d printed reef tiles, archireef, coral restoration, autobryks

Outcomes of “Autobrickformation“ Studio

Sunday, January 13th, 2019

At last, I would like to show some photos of the outcomes of the latest studio that I taught at The University of Hong Kong. The M.Arch I studio entitled “AUTOBRICKFORMATION” focused on one of architecture’s oldest building materials, the brick.

Below is an excerpt of the brief:

The history of architecture is primarily based on a model of parts-to-whole. One of the oldest building material that is the ultimate embodiment of this concept is the brick. The brick was until modern times the standard component to build mundane buildings around the world. It represents a building material that can be flexibly assembled, is good in compression, and, although it’s based on a standardized logic, has an extensive range of architectural expression. Originally bricks were made through a slop moulding method. Today, most industrially produced bricks are made through a die extrusion process. It’s a fast and economical method but has its limitations in complexity achievable.

In the past decade, 3d printing technology has become more advanced and has made its way into architecture. Many of the industry experts who are driving this development dream of large-scale production with large printers that print entire houses in every shape and form. Though there are quite a few promising developments on the horizon, it is certain that this trend will be only one trajectory of how we think about new technologies to drive contemporary architectural production. The studio therefore will focus on the brick and try to understand how recent technologies can rethink this 7000-year-old building material.

AUTOBRICKFORMATION, Christian J Lange, Ceramic Architecture, 3d printed terracotta, HKU, Faculty of Architecture, 3d printed clay, 3d printed ceramics

AUTOBRICKFORMATION, Christian J Lange, Ceramic Architecture, 3d printed terracotta, HKU, Faculty of Architecture

AUTOBRICKFORMATION, Christian J Lange, Ceramic Architecture, 3d printed terracotta, HKU, Faculty of Architecture, robotic clay printing

AUTOBRICKFORMATION, Christian J Lange, Ceramic Architecture, 3d printed terracotta, HKU, Faculty of Architecture

AUTOBRICKFORMATION, Christian J Lange, Ceramic Architecture, 3d printed terracotta, HKU, Faculty of Architecture

AUTOBRICKFORMATION, Christian J Lange, Ceramic Architecture, 3d printed terracotta, HKU, Faculty of Architecture

Students: Fan Taiwen, Fan Xinkai, Hong Chen, Hu Chi Hing, Lai Chu Tung Jetson, Lin Xuancheng, Liu Pui Hang Desmond, Wang Youlin, Yam Ka Kit

CeramicInformation Pavilion in Rumoer 69

Thursday, January 10th, 2019

Very happy to share that the CeramicInformation Pavilion was included in the latest publication of Rumoer. The issue 69 of the periodical for the building technologist, which is publsihed by Tu Delft is on Digital Making. Happy that we also made it onto the cover.

Ceramic Information Pavilion, 3d printed bricks, Robotic Fabrication, Christian J Lange, HKU Urban LAb, Faculty of Architecture HKU, Rumoer 69, Bout, TU Delft

Lunchtime Lecture at CUSUP

Friday, November 2nd, 2018

Christian J. Lange will be giving a public research seminar at the Centre for Urban Studies and Urban Planning at HKU. The talk will be centered around the recent research on brick specials in the Robotic Fabrication Lab at HKU. All are welcome.

HKU Urban Lab, Christian J. Lange, Robotic Fabrication Lab HKU, The University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Architecture, Robotic Fabrication

DATE:
14 November 2018 (Wednesday)
TIME:
13:00-14:00
VENUE:
Room 829,
Knowles Building
The University
of Hong Kong

CeramicINformation pavilion at UABB Shenzhen

Sunday, January 21st, 2018

I am very happy to share the recent outcome of our fall activities in the Robotic Fabrication Lab at HKU. The project entitled “CeramicINformation” is the second larger outcome of the Lab and is part of an evolving series, which aims to reconcile the material intelligence of vernacular crafts with the specificity and flexibility promised by digital design and fabrication technologies.The project is currently on show at the Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism and Architecture (UABB) in Shenzhen, China.

CeramicINformation, Shenzhen Biennale 2018, Ceramic Architecture

CeramicINformation Pavilion, Shenzhen Biennale 2018, HKUrbanLAB, The University of Hong Kong, Robotic 3d printing, Christian J. Lange

This particular iteration explores the process of construction, and seeks to find an appropriate level of automation suitable for emerging and transitioning economies. Each of the approximately 1000 components that make up the experimental structure is unique and has a specific immanent relationship to its neighbors. This approach allowed the complex construction to be realized using unskilled labor, over a short period, without the need for typical architectural drawings.

CeramicINformation Pavilion, brick architecture, robots in architecture

Rocker Lange Architects, Shenzhen Biennale 2018, HKUrbanLAB, 3d clay printing, Robotic clay extrusion, Christian J. Lange

As a point of departure, this project examined the ubiquitous terracotta brick – common in modern Chinese construction, and explored it’s potential re-shaping through the process of robotic 3d printing. Approximately 1.5million lines of code were generated – with each brick containing an average of 1400 individual target-points.

Robotic Brick Facade, Shenzhen Biennale 2018, Department of Architecture, The University of Hong Kong, HKU

Ceramic IN formation Pavilion, robotically manufactured bricks, Shenzhen Biennale 2018, HKUrbanLAB, The University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Architecture

The bricks were manufactured over a period of 20 days before the lightweight elements were shipped to the site and assembled into the multifaceted wall. The project not only highlights the new possibilities for architectural expression, but also the capacity these systems have to change the way in which we fashion the built environment.

CeramicINformation Pavilion, Shenzhen Biennale 2018, Robotic Fabrication LAB, The University of Hong Kong, Robotic 3d printing

CeramicINformation Pavilion, Shenzhen Biennale 2018, HKUrbanLAB, The University of Hong Kong, Robotic 3d printing

CeramicINformation Pavilion, Shenzhen Biennale 2018, HKUrbanLAB, The University of Hong Kong, Robotic 3d printing

CeramicINformation Pavilion, Shenzhen Biennale 2018, HKUrbanLAB, The University of Hong Kong, Robotic 3d printing

Credits:

Project Leaders:
Christian J. Lange
Donn Holohan

Research Assistants:
Mono Tung
Kristy Chow
Pamela Maguigad

Funding:
UABB Shenzhen

Project Location:
No. 82 East Zhongshan Street, Wanli Industrial Zone, Nantou Old Town, Nanshan District, Shenzhen

For images on the project please visit also:
http://www.arch.hku.hk/

Ceramic Constellation Pavilion recently featured on Dezeen

Tuesday, September 12th, 2017

Very happy to share the recent feature of the ceramic constellation pavilion on Dezeen.

Ceramic Constellation Pavilion

Saturday, August 12th, 2017

I am very happy to share the recent outcome of our spring activities in the Robotic Fabrication Lab at HKU. The project entitled “Ceramic Constellation Pavilion – Spatial shifts through robotically fabricated terracotta bricks” represents the first research work in the newly formed collaboration between Sino Group and the Robotic Fabrication Lab.

Robotic Architecture, Hong Kong, Rocker Lange Architects, China, 3d printed ceramic architecture, brick facade

The Pavilion, which was guided by Christian J. Lange, Donn Holohan and Holger Kehne was built by students utilizing robotic technology. The research initiative that supports arts, cultures, and technology is intended to foster cultural awareness of new technologies for the built environment.

In a context that has been largely shaped by standardization and mass production, the project seeks to overcome the constraints of today’s architectural production through the introduction of a structure made entirely of non-standard components.

Ceramic Constellation Pavilion, HKU Urban Lab, clay robotics, robotic clay, 3d printed bricks, robotically manufactured teracotta bricks, 3d printed ceramics, Rocker Lange Architects

This inaugural workshop of the “Sino Group Robotic Architecture Series” utilized terracotta clay to test the possibilities and limits within robotic fabrication and to revitalize a material system that has a significant tradition in Asia.

robotically manufactured bricks, Christian J. Lange, The University of Hong Kong, Robotic Fabrication LAB, 3d printed ceramics, brick facade

Departing from traditional brick bonds, the 3.8m tall project articulates a load-bearing composite structure with timber – where each of the nearly 2000 3d printed terracotta bricks is unique and different, enabling varying degrees of transparency, morphological shifts, and new experiences.

robots in architecture, HKUrban Lab, 3d printed clay

Around 700 kg of raw terracotta clay was printed over a period of 3 weeks into individual bricks that were then fired at 1025 degrees Celsius. With 2-3 minutes average printing time for each brick, the pavilion is one of the first of its kind in the world that incorporates this specific material system.

robots in architecture, China, Hong Kong, The University of Hong Kong

All components were fabricated with the equipment in the newly fitted Robotics Lab at HKU’s Faculty of Architecture and assembled during a ten-day workshop by students from the Department of Architecture.

The project was recently on show in the North Atrium of Olympian City, West Kowloon and will find its new home soon on the campus of the University of Hong Kong.

Ceramic Constellation Pavilion, teracotta architecture

Ceramic Constellation Pavilion, clay robotics, 3d printed bricks, robotically manufactured teracotta bricks

Ceramic Constellation Pavilion, Christian J. Lange, The University of Hong Kong, Robotic Fabrication LAB

robotically fabricated terracotta bricks

Ceramic Constellation Pavilion, clay robotics, 3d printed bricks, robotically manufactured teracotta bricks, ceramic architecture


Credits:
Project Leaders: Christian J. Lange, Donn Holohan, Holger Kehne


Research Assistants: Tony Lau, Anthony Hu, Teego Ma Jun Yin, Ernest Hung Chi Lok, Chau Chi Wang, Ren Depei, Mono Tung, He Qiye, Henry Ho Yu Hong

Workshop students: Go Yi, Sisay Sombo, Cheung Hoi Ching, Cheung King Man, Cheung Pak Yin, Ho Pui Lun, Verena Leung, Sharon So Cheuk Ying, Xu Junjie, Zhao Jinglun, Sampson Ip Cheuk Sum, Tan Shaoying, Yeung Tsz Wing

Funding: Sino Group

Structural engineers: Goman Ho &amp, Alfred Fong – Ove Arup Partners Hong Kong Ltd

For for images on the project please visit also:
http://www.arch.hku.hk/

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Final outcomes of Fall M.Arch I studio @ HKU

Friday, January 6th, 2017

At last, we can show some photos of the final outcomes of the latest studio taught by Christian J. Lange at The University of Hong Kong. The M.Arch I studio entitled “Elements: Robotic Interventions 0.2 – Towards new territories in Architecture” had two main objectives. On the one hand it was a hands-on investigation on how we as architects can generate new technologies, material systems and craftsmanship with the aid of the robot, and on the other hand, the studio looked in how we can apply those for the development of architectural elements such as the column the roof and the wall.

Students eventually built three medium scale prototypes that were based on three different traditional timber construction techniques. The first being the “Dou Gong” bracketing system, which usually is the structural network that joins columns to the frame of the roof in traditional Chinese architecture. The second being the reciprocal frame structures that can be found in the timber woven-arch bridges in the Fujian and Zhejiang provinces. And the third being the “Luban Lock” or the so-called “Chidori system” a design concept derived from old Japanese/ Chinese toys, and that elegantly produces a six-legged hidden joint.

elements, robotic intervention, The University of Hong Kong, Architecture, robotic fabrication, Dou Gong, Christian Lange

Dougong, robotic architecture, China

weaving bridge,timber woven arch bridge, china, reciprocal structure, robotic fabrication, Christian J. Lange

reciprocal frame, architecture, timber woven arch bridge, Hong Kong

Luban Lock, Chidori  system, robotics, Hong Kong, Architecture

Luban Lock, Chidori  system, robotics, Hong Kong, Architecture, Christian Lange

credits:

supervisor:
Christian J. Lange

students:

Chau Chi Wang
Hu Zhihao
Hung Chi Lok Ernest
Lau Siu Yan
Ma Jun Yin
Ma Ki Ho
Ng Ka Chun
Ng Ka Lam
Ren Depei
Wong Siu Shan
Yan Ming
Zhou Zhengmian