Archive for the ‘research’ Category

Rocker-Lange Architects featured in the new AD, ‘Mass-Customized Cities’

Friday, November 20th, 2015

Rocker-Lange Architects’s Shanghai Lilong Tower Urbanism project is featured in the latest issue of AD. Guest-edited by Tom Verebes, the issue includes work by Buro Happold, David Clovers, Arup, Gramazio Kohler, Rocker-Lange Architects, Michael Bell, Elena Manferdini, Neil Leach and interviews with Mark Burry and Kenneth Frampton & and many more.

Architectural Design (AD), Rocker Lange Architects, Tom Verebes, Christian J. Lange

Results of Smart Geometry workshop on display at the Chinese University of Hong Kong

Thursday, July 24th, 2014

Christian J. Lange of Rocker-Lange Architects teamed up with Jason Carlow, Assistant Professor at HKU, Ramon van der Heijden and Alan Tai from Front Inc Hong Kong, and Gustav Fagerström from Buro Happold New York for this years Smart Geometry Conference in Hong Kong.

The results of the workshop entitled HK_SmarTowers were on display during the two day conference on July 18th & 19th at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. The project that was developed during the four days looked at how data informs tower massing strategies, structure and organization. Addressing the issue of repetition, standardization, mass production and customization the project utilized intelligent digital design systems to arrive at a set of unique tower structures that were based on different figure ground strategies and ultimately built with a ready made system of kit of parts.

Thanks a lot to all Cluster Collaborators for the great work: Marco Juliani, Megan Ng, Oliver Thomas, Piotr Baszynski, Luca Maccarinelli, Binsun Hu, Amos Chan, Vincent Ip, Albert Lo, Riyad Joucka, Mariane de Souza, Alison Li, Xinliu Huang




Rocker-Lange @ ICAMA 2013

Sunday, August 25th, 2013

Christian J. Lange and Ingeborg M. Rocker will present their paper “Serial Architectures, Systems of Multiplicities and Adaptability” at the upcoming ICAMA 2013 conference. The international conference on Adaptation and Movement in Architecture will be held at Ryerson University, Toronto Canada during October 10-12 2013.
ICAMA_2013, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J Lange, Ingeborg Rocker,Ryerson University, Toronto Canada

For more information please visit:

Rocker-Lange wins honorable mention

Saturday, June 1st, 2013

Rocker-Lange Architects were awarded a honorable mention in the international design competition for a new bench design for the Kowloon East district in Hong Kong. The competition was held in conjunction with the 13th Venice Biennale International Architecture Exhibition, Hong Kong Response Exhibition.

Rocker Lange Architects, Urban Adapter HK 2.0, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg M. Rocker, urban furniture

The redevelopment of Kowloon East will have a diverse array of spatial conditions, from new, open public waterfront parks to tightly planned former industrial areas. Traditionally urban furniture consists of repeatable standardized elements while being installed in various conditions. The problem with repeatable elements is that they don’t adapt necessarily very well to the specificity of each site condition. The key concept of the “Urban Adapter HK 2.0” project is to establish a system that can address the explicit conditions of each site, and to blend each bench with a variety of programs. The specific design methodology and the computer aided construction and assembly process allows making every bench unique while creating a distinctive family of urban street furniture that creates a merging identity for Kowloon East.

This project with its unique user surfaces will have the capacity to place the user in a new position with the urban reality and its ecologies as much it may reposition the urban reality all together. Not only will it improve the quality of the public realm, it will also establish a new framework for use and for seeing and being seen in the urban streetscape of Kowloon East.

The material for this street furniture will be wooden slats making it a positive sustainable contribution. The finish of the bench is made of climbing rope or rubber band finish. Each bench will have a distinct color out of a specific color family making each bench identifiable. The wooden slats are CNC cut, making sure that each bench can be precisely assembled.

Ornament Today: Digital, Material, Stuctural

Wednesday, August 15th, 2012

Digital Ornament, Ingeborg Rocker, Rocker Lange Architects, Ornament Today: Digital, Material, Stuctural

Associate Professor Ingeborg M. Rocker publishes essay entitled “Calculated: formal excesses of digital ornaments,” as a chapter in Ornament Today: Digital, Material, Structural edited by J. H. Gleiter, Professor of architectural theory at the Technical University Berlin.

Rocker’s chapter is part of her ongoing research in the role of computation for the theorization and production of architecture. Rocker’s research of “digital ornament” began in 2009 with her paper “Computation in Command? Fading Flamboyant Architectural Aesthetics,” presented at the Harvard Design School’s Critical Digital Conference.

Her current contribution, “Calculated Excess,” contextualizes the development of ornament within shifts of production logics, from hand-crafted, to industrially produced, to digitally fabricated. Rocker marks the ambiguous terrain between the investigation of production techniques and the ornamental, while drawing parallels between the digital ornament of today and those of the past. Does the computation ability to facilely produce variation through the manipulation of code suggest considering ornament and architecture as a like set of endless differentiations? Or does it rather recommend looking at architecture and ornaments at the level of code itself?

For further details see:
J. H. Gleiter, editor. Ornament Today: Digital, Material, Structural. Bozen: Free University of Bozen Press, 2012.

Rocker-Lange Architects featured in Wall Street Journal Video “Architects Tackle Density in Hong Kong”

Monday, April 16th, 2012

Rocker Lange Architects have been recently featured in a video by the Wall Street Journal called “Architects Tackle Density in Hong Kong”

The creativity of architects and designers from around the world, applied to imagining a brighter, more efficient city, is on display at the Hong Kong architecture biennale. WSJ’s Diana Jou talks to chief curator Anderson Lee to get the scoop on some of the most fascinating projects.

Density & Openness Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong – HKSHZ Biennale 2012

Saturday, February 18th, 2012

Rocker-Lange Architects are participating in this year’s Hong Kong & Shenzhen Biennale with their research project entitled “Density & Openness Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong”. The project will be on display until April 24th and is located in the Hong Kong Pavilion of the show.

Density & Openness Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Shenzhen Biennale 2012, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker

Hong Kong’s cityscape is primarily shaped by the typology of the tower. While specifically in Hong Kong the tower is utilized as an extension of the urban programmatic user surface, the question of public space within this vertical urban fabric remains unaddressed.

Density & Openness Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Shenzhen Biennale 2012, 2011, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker, Architecture

Density & Openness Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Shenzhen Biennale 2012, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker, Cellular Automata Architecture

Density & Openness Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Shenzhen Biennale 2012, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker, Cellular Automata Architecture

The research project “Density & Openness Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong” is the search for an alternative approach to think about open and public spaces in the context of the city. Instead of extruding the maximum boundary condition of a given site to determine the building mass, this model incorporates a ratio of open space in the design process.

Density  Openness Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Shenzhen Biennale 2012, 2011, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker, Cellular Automata Architecture


Density  Openness Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Shenzhen Biennale 2012, 2011, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker, Cellular Automata Architecture

At its core is a computational logic that calculates the amount of open space for each city plot. The rule-based model can adapt to different site and programmatic conditions and produces varying spaces and varying densities This approach offers the capacity to generate new forms of public space, semi public and private exterior and interior spaces.

Density Openness Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Shenzhen Biennale 2012, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker, Cellular Automata Architecture



Busan Opera House

Tuesday, September 13th, 2011

Rocker-Lange Architects are releasing their competition entry for the idea’s competition “Busan Opera House” in Busan, South Korea.

Busan Opera House, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker, Topological Architecture, Knot Architecture

Our project for the Busan opera house is an interior/exterior plaza for the arts, in which the public may engage with various art programs during the daytime and nighttime, in settings ranging from an opera to a public plaza. The design is an extended landscape intended for display and for being displayed, for engaging with the arts. Much of the scheme is a sloped ground, designed for seating and viewing. The interlocking of the urban fabric, the land, and the water in a single design creates a stage for the city, as much as it re-frames the city as stage. Public life, high-arts performances and exhibitions, as well as the beauty of Busan’s natural surrounding are equally on display. The exterior strategies for the design are continued inside, where the scheme promotes a continuity of the landscape in the public plaza beneath and surrounding the theaters and the opera. The public realm ‘folds up’ as a large landscape-like staircase in order to reach the large, suspended auditorium spaces inside and the viewing terrace on the roof outside.
Busan Opera House, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker

The design enables the public to participate in cultural events in and nearby the new Busan Performing Arts Center. The building’s public space is accessible throughout the day and night. The design of interior and exterior public space is suggested as a space and place of performances, of enactments informed through relationships as they unfold in time. The design is structured to stimulate and care for relationships, for the spaces in between. Upon arrival, different paths disclose the sites of performance on the sloped architectural-landscape inside and outside the building. The stages that may hereby be encountered are both fixed and temporal, as the performances energize them with life. Changing events, pattern’s of life’s activity, are anticipated rather than determined through the design.

Busan Opera House, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker,Topological Architecture, Knot Architecture

Located on a peninsula in direct proximity to the Busan Port, and the city center of Busan, our project aims to offer to Busan citizens a public interior and exterior space that is equally engaging the water as well as the park and the city scape. The opera is designed as a landmark, in the literal sense of the word, it is marking the land, marking the new cultural scape of Busan at the same time it is an icon for Busan. The overall structure of the opera is designed as a large habitable ground that slowly ramps from the water and the park up to become an architecture that allows the viewer to link to both the water and the city. The building becomes a stage located in the water, as it also stages the beautiful bay, the ocean on one side and the lively city and its skyline on the other side.

Busan Opera House, Rocker Lange Architects, Christian J. Lange, Ingeborg Rocker

On The Bri(n)ck II @ the GSD: Architecture of the Envelope 

Tuesday, May 24th, 2011

Students at the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University under the guidance of Professor Ingeborg M. Rocker of Rocker-Lange Architects , have built a wall structure out of chipboard bricks.

on the brink, Ingeborg Rocker, Harvard, GSD

The research seminar On the Bri(n)ck II: Architectural Envelope traces the historical development of a debate about the architectural envelope that began at the end of the 19th century. It was a critical period in the industrial revolution when new materials and technologies became available and started to inform architectural design and debate. Architects began to question the role that mass-production should play in architecture, and also questioned the influence that new notation and construction-techniques had on the architects’ work. Today these and similar questions are resurfacing as the digital medium literally informs the conceptualization and production of architecture.

on the brink, Ingeborg Rocker, Harvard, GSD

In the beginning of the 20th century brick became the dominant local material, embodying the socially and politically motivated expansions of rapidly growing European cities. Brick was particularly favored in the urban centers of the Netherlands, Germany and Austria. Today the role of brick has evolved, though solid and capable of bearing great loads, it is now mostly used as cladding. On the Bri(n)ck II focused consequently on the changing role and materiality of brick today.

on the brink, Ingeborg Rocker, Harvard, GSD

The project engaged several teams to develop architectural envelopes that were constituted from either mass-produced or mass-customized load bearing brick units, or alternatively mass-produced or mass-customized non-structural brick cladding. In addition to the research on different discretization techniques and structural properties of surfaces, the research-seminar also sought to identify alternative brick materials that were widely available, sustainable, light and inexpensive. On the Bri(n)ck II (1:1) project employed several hundred cardboard brick units to form the geometry of a Limaçon surface. This is a continuous geometry that inscribes an interior space with a single surface. The openings of the brick-units along with the units adapt in size, geometry and width to the surface’s geometry. At the same time the overall surface geometry is challenged through the discretization techniques generating the bricks. Using a 2-dimensional material to create a 3-dimensional brick unit was challenging. Research had to overcome obstacles such as the geometric construction of the unit, its ability to unfold and resourceful use of the material. Working with chipboard also required a very precise study of the units’ geometry in relation to their structural stability. Much attention was paid to the units, their seams and the ease in which one was able to assemble and disassemble them. A chipboard rib further stabilized the unit connections.

on the brink, Ingeborg Rocker, Harvard, GSD

The project was designed and built using the CAD/CAM facilities at the GSD. Overall the design and building process brought up questions regarding mass-production and mass-customization. The project explored the limits of a mass-customization process; examining how the same procedure can lead to an array of possible results.


Ingeborg M. Rocker, Ph.D.

Research Collaborator:
Hiroshi Jacobs (MDES)

Core Team: Mais Al Azab, William Choi, Hernan Garcia, Casey Hughes, John Jakubiec, Lesley McTague, Marta Nowak, and Mark Pomarico

Team: Harvard GSD Students

Drawings: Hiroshi Jacobs + Casey Hughes
Renderings: Will Choi

Funding:  Junior Faculty Grant from the Department of Architecture, Harvard University, GSD

Emerging Structures: Concept and Realizations in the 1960’s

Monday, March 14th, 2011

Ingeborg M. Rocker of Rocker-Lange Architects will present a lecture entitled “Emerging Structures: Concept and Realizations in the 1960’s” at the faculty of architecture TU Graz on Thursday March 16th 2011. For more information about this event please goto TU Graz.